There are three different sources of heat pump that you will be able to purchase. The one that you select will be greatly dependent on your situation. If you are unsure as to which heat pump is going to be right for you, then it is suggested that you talk with the supplier and receive as much information as you possibly can to ensure that you make the right choice!
Ground Source Heat Pump
Ground source heat pumps take their heat from the ground. Whether you can have one of these installed on your property is going to be dependent on the land that you are located on. When these are installed, a sort of ‘horizontal loop system’ will be put in place which will funnel the heat around your home. In order to have a system like this installed, you will need to have land sized about 2.5x the size of your home. There are alternatives if you do not have this amount of space available, but most people will opt for the standard horizontal loop.
The major advantage of a system like this is the fact that the ground temperature is going to remain relatively constant. This means that even in the winter months, you will be able to enjoy a nice warm house. In many cases, the system can be configured to provide you with cooling air from the ground during the warmer months!
Water Source Heat Pump
Obviously, you will only be able to use this system if you are located near a water source. In many cases, people will have this connected up to a river or a lake. However, it is worth noting that there may be a water source under your home that you will be able to use. In order to access this, the installer will need to drill a bore hole.
While a water source heat pump is probably one of the most efficient methods for heating up your home. There are going to be a few downsides. Perhaps the biggest downside is the fact that you may require additional permissions for installing them as you will need permission from the local council to utilise the water. This can slow down the installation. However, as with a ground source heat pump, once they are installed, you will require very little in the way of maintenance.
Air Source Heat Pump
If you want a cheaper alternative, then you may want to look into an air source heat pump. These are going to be great if you are unable to drill into the ground for any reason. They are not quite as efficient, but they should provide you with a reasonable amount of warmth in your home. One of the major pros of going down this route is the fact that you do not need to place the heat pump on the ground, which many people find unsightly. You can quite easily put it up on the wall.